The amount of fatty acids extremely varies between different sources of fats. Considerably large percentages are present in fish oil and sunflower oil, while it’s very low in beef fat. Many plants and cold water fish also contain different quantities of essential fatty acids. Fish oil is rich in eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) which are specific types of omega 3 fatty acids.
In the body, arachidonic acid (AA) and EPA are incorporated into the cell membranes, and when the cell is damaged, there is release of AA from the cell membrane. Enzymes metabolize AA into substances which increase itching and inflammation. Cell damage can also cause the release of EPA, which can help reduce the production of inflammatory substances. The same effect is also associated with the presence of DHA. DGLA also triggers the release of prostaglandin E1, which inhibits AA release from the cell membrane. Visit your Pets Health vet to learn more.