Dogs grow 2 sets of teeth; the first set is called “deciduous” or temporary teeth (28 teeth), and the second set is the permanent set with 42 teeth. There are 4 types of teeth that make up each set—incisors, canine teeth, premolars, and molars. They differ in their appearance because they serve various functions.
- Incisors – Dogs use their incisors to rip and scrape off meat from bones; incisors also come in handy as a grooming tool to remove burrs or dirt from their hair coat.
- Canine teeth – Needle-like canines are used to inflict wounds on their prey or enemies
- Premolars and molars – They are used to crush prey and grind bone and other types of food into smaller pieces.
- Carnassial teeth – these are actually a special set of premolars and molars that act like scissors as the mouth closes. The shearing action enables the dog to rip flesh.
Dogs need to be taken to your animal clinic for regular dental checks to keep their teeth and gums healthy. Your Local pets care can offer additional guidance.